Book cover

Reliability Data for Safety Equipment

PDS Data Handbook – 2021 Edition


kr 7 000,00

Forfattere: Maria Ottermo, Stein Hauge, Solfrid Håbrekke

Sider: 218 (Illustrert)

Utgivelsesår: 2021

ISBN: 978-82-14-06468-1

SINTEF is proud to present a new reliability data handbook, the 2021 edition of the PDS data handbook. The handbook is the ideal companion when performing reliability analysis of safety systems and is especially suited for analyses of safety integrity level (SIL) according to IEC 61508 and IEC 61511. The failure rates are established based on comprehensive operational experience and the detailing and assessment of the data have been significantly improved.

The handbook provides reliability data based on field feedback for safety equipment and includes detailed data dossiers for input devices (sensors, transmitters, detectors, etc.), control logic solvers (electronics) and final elements (valves, dampers, pumps, etc.). The data dossiers comprise recommended values for dangerous undetected failure rates, dangerous detected failure rates, safe failure rates, safe failure fraction (SFF), diagnostic coverage (DC), and information about the data sources.

An electronic version (in PDF) of selected pages from the 2021 PDS 
 

Considerable effort has been made to ensure that the data are credible, traceable, documented and justified, in line with requirements in the IEC 61508 and IEC 61511 standards. The data have been subject to extensive quality assurance, where equipment experts and operational personnel have gone through and classified some thirty thousand maintenance notifications and work orders manually. This represents one of the broadest and best documented data bases for safety equipment, worldwide.

 
Data Handbook  can be viewed here. 


  • 1 INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 Objective and Scope
    • 1.2 The IEC 61508 and 61511 Standards
    • 1.3 Data Sources
    • 1.4 Organisation of the Data Handbook
    • 1.5 List of abbreviations
  • 2 RELIABILITY CONCEPTS – THE PDS METHOD
    • 2.1 The PDS Method
    • 2.2 Notation and Definitions
    • 2.3 Failure Classification Schemes
      • 2.3.1 Failure Classification by Mode
      • 2.3.2 Failure Classification by Cause
    • 2.4 Reliability Parameters
      • 2.4.1 The Beta (ß) factor and CMooN
      • 2.4.2 Safe Failure Fraction (SFF)
      • 2.4.3 Diagnostic coverage (DC) and proof test coverage (PTC)
      • 2.4.4 Random Hardware Failure fraction (RHF)
  • 3 RELIABILITY DATA SUMMARY
    • 3.1 Topside Equipment
      • 3.1.1 Input devices
      • 3.1.2 Control logic units
      • 3.1.3 Final elements
    • 3.2 Subsea and Downhole Well Completion Equipment
    • 3.3 Drilling Equipment
    • 3.4 Generic ß values
    • 3.5 Determining Diagnostic Coverage (DC)
      • 3.5.1 Instrument DC in general – Relevant data sources
      • 3.5.2 Equipment specific (instrument) DC values
      • 3.5.3 Diagnostic success
    • 3.6 Determining values for Proof Test Coverage (PTC)
      • 3.6.1 Semi-quantitative approach for determining PTC
      • 3.6.2 PTC for input elements/sensors
      • 3.6.3 PTC for final elements
    • 3.7 Random Hardware Failure Fraction (RHF)
      • 3.7.1 RHF for input elements/sensors
      • 3.7.2 RHF for control logic units
      • 3.7.3 RHF for final elements
    • 3.8 Reliability Data Uncertainties – Upper 70% values and 90% confidence intervals
      • 3.8.1 Failure Rate Uncertainties
      • 3.8.2 Upper 70% limits and 90% confidence interval estimates
  • 4 DATA DOSSIERS
    • 4.1 Explanation of data dossier fields
    • 4.2 Topside Input Devices
      • 4.2.1 Position Switch
      • 4.2.2 Aspirator system including flow switch etc.
      • 4.2.3 Pressure Transmitter
      • 4.2.4 Level Transmitter
      • 4.2.5 Temperature Transmitter
      • 4.2.6 Flow Transmitter
      • 4.2.7 Catalytic Point Gas Detector
      • 4.2.8 IR Point Gas Detector
      • 4.2.9 Aspirated IR Point Gas Detector System
      • 4.2.10 Line Gas Detector
      • 4.2.11 Electrochemical Detector
      • 4.2.12 Smoke Detector
      • 4.2.13 Heat Detector
      • 4.2.14 Flame Detector
      • 4.2.15 Manual Pushbutton (outdoor)
      • 4.2.16 CAP switches (indoor)
    • 4.3 Control Logic Units (topside applications)
      • 4.3.1 Standard Industrial PLC
        • 4.3.1.1 Analogue Input
        • 4.3.1.2 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
        • 4.3.1.3 Digital Output
      • 4.3.2 Programmable Safety System
        • 4.3.2.1 Analogue Input
        • 4.3.2.2 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
        • 4.3.2.3 Digital Output
      • 4.3.3 Hardwired Safety System
        • 4.3.3.1 Trip Amplifier
        • 4.3.3.2 Logic
        • 4.3.3.3 Digital Output
      • 4.3.4 Other Control Logic Units
        • 4.3.4.1 Fire Central
        • 4.3.4.2 Galvanic Barrier
    • 4.4 Topside Final Elements
      • 4.4.1 Topside ESV and XV
        • 4.4.1.1 Topside ESV and XV - Ball Valves
        • 4.4.1.2 Topside ESV and XV – Gate Valves
      • 4.4.2 Riser ESV
      • 4.4.3 Topside XT Valves – PMV and PWV
      • 4.4.4 Topside XT Valves – HASCV
      • 4.4.5 Topside XT Valves – GLESDV
      • 4.4.6 Topside XT Valves – CIESDV
      • 4.4.7 Topside HIPPS Valves
      • 4.4.8 Blowdown Valves
      • 4.4.9 Fast Opening Valves
      • 4.4.10 Solenoid/Pilot Valves
      • 4.4.11 Process Control Valves
      • 4.4.12 Pressure Relief Valve
      • 4.4.13 Deluge Valves
      • 4.4.14 Fire Water Monitor Valves
      • 4.4.15 Fire Water Monitors
      • 4.4.16 Water Mist Valves
      • 4.4.17 Sprinkler Valves
      • 4.4.18 Foam Valves
      • 4.4.19 Ballast Water Valves
      • 4.4.20 Fire Water Pump System – Diesel Electric
      • 4.4.21 Fire Water Pump System – Diesel Hydraulic
      • 4.4.22 Fire Water Pump System – Diesel Mechanical
      • 4.4.23 Fire & Gas Damper
      • 4.4.24 Rupture Disc
      • 4.4.25 Circuit Breaker
      • 4.4.26 Relay, Contactor
      • 4.4.27 Fire Door
      • 4.4.28 Watertight Door
      • 4.4.29 Emergency Generator
      • 4.4.30 Lifeboat Engines
      • 4.4.31 UPS & Battery Package
      • 4.4.32 Emergency Lights
      • 4.4.33 Flashing Beacons
      • 4.4.34 Lifeboat Radio
      • 4.4.35 PA Loudspeakers
    • 4.5 Subsea Equipment
      • 4.5.1 Subsea Pressure Sensor
      • 4.5.2 Subsea Temperature Sensor
      • 4.5.3 Combined Subsea Pressure and Temperature Sensor
      • 4.5.4 Subsea Flow Sensor
      • 4.5.5 Subsea Sand Detector
      • 4.5.6 Master Control Station
      • 4.5.7 Umbilical Hydraulic/Chemical Line
      • 4.5.8 Umbilical Power/Signal Line
      • 4.5.9 Subsea Solenoid Control Valves
      • 4.5.10 Subsea Electronic Module
      • 4.5.11 Subsea Manifold Isolation Valve
      • 4.5.12 Subsea XT Valves – PMV, PWV
      • 4.5.13 Subsea XT Valves – XOV
      • 4.5.14 Subsea XT Valves – AMV
      • 4.5.15 Subsea XT Valves – CIV, MIV
      • 4.5.16 Subsea Isolation Valves – SSIV
    • 4.6 Downhole Well Completion Equipment
      • 4.6.1 Downhole Safety Valves – DHSV
      • 4.6.2 Downhole Safety Valve – TRSCSSV
      • 4.6.3 Downhole Safety Valve – WRSCSSV
      • 4.6.4 Annulus Subsurface Safety valve – TRSCASSV, type A
      • 4.6.5 Annulus Subsurface Safety Valves – TRSCASSV, type B
      • 4.6.6 Wire Retrievable Chemical Injection Valves – WRCIV
      • 4.6.7 Tubing Retrievable Chemical Injection Valves – TRCIV
      • 4.6.8 Gas Lift Valves – GLV
    • 4.7 Drilling Equipment
      • 4.7.1 Annular Preventer
      • 4.7.2 Ram Preventer
      • 4.7.3 Choke and Kill Valve
      • 4.7.4 Choke and Kill Line
      • 4.7.5 Hydraulic Connector
      • 4.7.6 Multiplex Control System
      • 4.7.7 Pilot Control System
      • 4.7.8 Acoustic Backup Control System
  • References

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